Complex Endorsement

The complex endorsement is relatively easy to obtain, yet affords a pilot the ability to fly a wider range of aircraft. A complex aircraft is defined as any aircraft that possesses flaps, retractable landing gear and constant speed propeller(s). Unlike other certificates and ratings, the complex endorsement is conveyed solely by a Certified Flight Instructor.


Can operate aircraft with flaps, retractable landing gear and constant speed propeller(s)


The complex endorsement must be added to a certificate and therefore, the candidate must hold at least a private pilot certificate. There are no time requirements associated with a complex endorsement, but the candidate must exhibit complete competence in the operation of a complex aircraft. Upon the demonstration of proficiency, the Certified Flight Instructor will award the candidate the complex endorsement.


Due to the fact that there are no specific requirements for obtaining this endorsement, it is nearly impossible to estimate a cost. The cost will vary from pilot to pilot because the amount of training depends solely on the pilot’s ability to demonstrate proficiency in the operation of the aircraft. We generally find that this takes anywhere from 2 – 5 hours of dual flight in our Piper Arrow.